Cast iron with baked bread

Mastering the Art of Seasoning Cast Iron Skillets

Unlocking the full potential of a cast iron skillet depends on maintaining and seasoning its surface properly. In this guide, we will explore the art of seasoning cast iron skillets and reveal the key steps to transform your skillet into a non-stick wonder and culinary workhorse.

Cast iron pan with Appam

Why Seasoning Matters

The purpose of seasoning your skillet is not just to add flavor, but also to create a natural non-stick surface and improve its durability. If done correctly, the process of seasoning forms a protective layer of polymerised oil that prevents food from sticking and protects against rust. This will make your cast iron skillet enjoyable to cook with for many years.

What You’ll Need

  1. Cast Iron Skillet: Choose a quality cast iron skillet free from rust or heavy damage.
  2. Neutral Oil: Opt for oils with high smoke points like vegetable oil, canola oil, or grapeseed oil.
  3. Paper Towels: For spreading and wiping off excess oil.
  4. Oven: Ensure your oven is clean and free from any residual odors.
  5. Aluminum Foil: To catch any potential drips during the seasoning process.
Cast iron pan with a spoon and towel
Rayia Soderberg

Step-by-Step Guide to Seasoning Cast Iron Pan

1. Cleaning and Rust Removal:

To begin, it is important to clean your cast iron pan thoroughly. If you have a new skillet, you can wash it with warm, soapy water to remove any residue left from the manufacturing process. However, if you are restoring an old skillet, it is recommended to use steel wool or a scrub brush to remove any rust or debris that has built up over time. After cleaning, make sure to rinse the skillet thoroughly and dry it completely.

2. Preheating:

Place your clean skillet in the oven and set it to 200°F (93°C) to ensure it’s completely dry before seasoning.

3. Oil Application:

After taking the skillet out of the oven, apply a thin layer of neutral oil of your choice all over the surface, including the handle and exterior. Be sure to distribute the oil evenly without any excess pooling. Use paper towels to wipe off any excess oil.

4. Polymerization Process:

Please increase the oven temperature to 350°F (175°C) and put the skillet upside-down on the oven rack to avoid the oil from collecting in one place and ensure even seasoning. Additionally, it’s recommended to place a sheet of aluminum foil on the below rack to catch any potential drips.

5. Baking:

Place the skillet in the oven and let it bake for approximately an hour. As the process goes on, the oil will undergo polymerization, resulting in a sturdy and non-stick surface. You will observe that the skillet will turn into a beautiful, dark black color – that’s the enchanting transformation taking place.

6. Cooling and Repeating:

After the baking time is up, it is recommended to turn off the oven and allow the skillet to cool down inside it. If additional seasoning is desired, the oil application and baking process can be repeated multiple times, with each layer allowed to polymerize.

Alternate and easy way to season Cast Iron Pans

It’s important to keep in mind that many cast iron products come pre-seasoned to some extent. While you could begin cooking with heavy oil-based methods like deep frying or cooking with more oil to naturally add a protective layer, I don’t recommend doing so unless you know what you are doing. Instead, be sure to maintain the seasoning after each use to ensure optimal results.

Cast Iron Skillet Maintenance Tips:

  • To keep your seasoned skillet in good condition, it’s important to clean it gently after each use with a soft brush or cloth. Avoid using harsh detergents as they can strip away the seasoning.
  • If there are any stubborn food particles stuck to the skillet, you can boil some water in it to loosen them before cleaning. 
  • Once you’re done cleaning, make sure to dry the skillet thoroughly to prevent rust formation. You can either heat it on the stovetop or place it in the oven for a few minutes. 
  • To maintain the cast iron skillet’s non-stick properties, it’s recommended to occasionally repeat the seasoning process.


There’s a fulfilling process to seasoning a cast iron skillet that can improve its performance and turn it into a reliable kitchen tool. By using the proper technique, and being patient, you can transform your cast iron skillet into a valuable asset that enhances your cooking. This culinary journey is definitely worth taking, and you’ll love the results of cooking with a perfectly seasoned cast iron skillet!

Cast Iron on fire with chicken

Here is a video tutorial by Prudent Reviews

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